Potential REF 2021 Publications

1. Katikireddi, S.V., Leyland, A.H., McKee, M., Ralston, K., and Stuckler, D. (2017). Patterns of mortality by occupation in the UK, 1991–2011: a comparative analysis of linked census and mortality records. The Lancet Public Healthdx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30193-7

2. Ralston, K., Walsh, D., Feng, Z., Dibben, C., McCartney, G., O’Reilly, D. (2017) Do differences in religious affiliation explain high levels of excess mortality in the UK? Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. doi:10.1136/jech-2016-208176

3. Ralston, K., Everington, D., Feng, Z., Dibben, C. (2016) ‘Do young people not in education employment or training (NEET) experience long term occupational scarring? A longitudinal analysis over 20 years of follow up’ Contemporary Social Research. doi:10.1080/21582041.2016.1194452

4. Ralston, K., Gayle, V., Lambert, P. (2016) Gender, Occupation and First Birth: Do “Career Men” Delay First Birth Too? Sociological Research Online 21, 3. socresonline.org.uk/21/1/3.html. doi:10.5153/sro.3862

5. Millard, A. D., Raab, G. M., James Lewsey, Eaglesham, P., Craig, P., Ralston, K., and McCartney, G. (2015) “Mortality differences between equality groups, and inequalities in mortality within equality groups, in Scotland 1991-2009”  International Journal for Equity in Health. doi:10.1186/s12939-015-0274-8

6. Ralston, K., Dundas, R. & Leyland, A. (2014) A comparison of the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) 2004 with the 2009+1 SIMD: does choice of measure affect the interpretation of inequality in mortality? International Journal of Health Geographics, 13, 27. doi:10.1186/1476-072X-13-27

Additional publications

Under review

Ralston, K., Everington, D., Feng, Z., Dibben, C. Economic inactivity, not in employment, education or training (NEET) and scarring: The importance of NEET as a distinct marker of disadvantage. in Work Employment and Society

Ralston, K., MacInnes, J., Gayle, V., Crow, G. Is statistical anxiety negatively associated with course performance? in Journal of Statistics Education

Pampaka, M., Swanston D., Williams, J., Ralston, K., Hernandez-Martinez, P., Carter, J., Woods, K., Harris, D., Pickhard-Smith, K., Wo, L., Forbes, C., Walker, A., and Tyndsley, K., (under peer review) Unsettling understandings of mathematics anxiety: A critical synthesis to inform policy and practice, British Academy special report

Davis, P. E., Webster, L. A. D., Fernyhough, C., Ralston, K., Stain, H. J., Kola-Palmer, S. Adult Report of Imaginary Companion Play and Adversity in Childhood: Relations to Concurrent Prodromal Symptom Report, British Journal of Psychology


Ralston, K. (2018) ‘Raging’ Debate Over How To Measure Class But Is Anyone Listening? In: The Sociological Review Blog. Available at: https://www.thesociologicalreview.com/blog/there-is-a-raging-debate-over-how-to-measure-class-but-is-anyone-listening.html (accessed 14 August 2018)

Everington, D., Feng, Z., Ralston, K., & Dibben, C. (2018). Risk factors for young people not being in education, employment or training (NEET): Longitudinal analyses over a 10 year follow up period in Scotland. International Journal of Population Data Science, 3(2).


Ralston, K., Gayle, V. (2017) Exploring ‘generations’ and ‘cultures’ of worklessness in contemporary Britain. Youth and policy. October 2017 http://www.youthandpolicy.org/articles/generations-of-worklessness/

Feng, Z., Ralston, K., Everington, D., Dibben, C. (2017) Long term health effects of NEET experiences: evidence from a longitudinal analysis of young people in Scotland. International Journal for Population Data Science 1. ISSN 2399-4908. Available at: <https://ijpds.org/article/view/327&gt;. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.23889/ijpds.v1i1.327.


               Ralston, K., MacInnes, J., Crow, G., and Gayle, V. (2016) We need to talk about statistical anxiety. A review of the evidence around statistical anxiety in the context of quantitative methods pedagogy. NCRM Working Paper, NCRM , http://eprints.ncrm.ac.uk/3987/

Katikireddi, S. Leyland, A.H. McKee, M. Ralston, K. Stuckler, D. (2016) Occupational mortality rates in the UK: Geographical comparisons using linked administrative data. European Journal of Public Health 26(suppl_1), ckw166.083


Feng, Z., Everington, D., Ralston, K., Dibben, C., Raab, G., Graham, E. (2015) Consequences, risk factors and geography of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET), Government Social Research Report. Scottish Government, Children, Education and Skills. http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0048/00487854.pdf

Ralston, K., and MacInnes, J. Crow, G. Gayle, V. (2015), Quantitative Methods Pedagogy in Social Science, Methods News, ESRC National Centre for Research Methods Newsletter, Summer 2015

Ralston, K. (2015), A practical guide to Using Panel Data, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13645579.2015.1062630 (book review)

Raab, G. Ralston, K. (2015), E-DataSHIELD: E-mail Data Aggregation Through Anonymous Summary-statistics from Harmonized Individual levEL Databases, Scottish Longitudinal Survey Working Paper.


Dundas, R. Walsh, D. Brown, D. Allik, M. Ralston, K., Davies, C.A. Leyland, A.H. 2014. The influence of individual socioeconomic status and area deprivation on cause-specific mortality in England. European Journal of Public Health 24(suppl_2), cku:164–016.

Millard, A. D., Raab, G., Lewsey, J., Eaglesham, P. C. P., Ralston, K., and McCartney, G. (2014). Equality, inequality and mortality in Scotland. NHS Health Scotland.

Ralston, K., Everington, D., Dibben, C. & Feng, Z. (2014). Risk factors and consequences of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET): Phase two interim report, Report Scottish Government, employability, skills and lifelong learning directorate.

Ralston, K., Dibben, C. Feng, Z. (2014). Risk factors and consequences of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET), report on preliminary results, Report Scottish Government, employability, skills and lifelong learning directorate.


Dundas, R., Ralston, K., Walsh, D., and Leyland, A. (2013) OP31 is excess mortality in Glasgow an artefact of inadequate control for deprivation: a case-control study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67 (Sup 1). A16-A17. ISSN 0143-005X (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.31)
Ralston, K. (2012). The Relationship between Social Stratification and First Birth in Scotland. In: Lambert, P., Connelly, R., Blackburn, R. M. & Gayle, V. (eds.) Social Stratification: Trends and Processes. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Ralston, K., Connelly, R. Murray, S. Playford, C. (2010) ‘Methods in Survey Design to Improve Response Rates: A Review of the Empirical Evidence’, School of Applied Social Science Working Paper.

Ralston, K. and Stannard, A. (2010). Report on Response to Scottish Government Population Surveys. Office of the Chief Statistician, Edinburgh: Scottish Government. (www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/933/0098778.doc)

PhD thesis: Ralston, K. (2012) Childbearing and First Birth in Scotland, University of Stirling